Scoring in basketball is the process of earning points by shooting the ball through the opponent’s hoop. The primary objective of the game is to outscore the opposing team by putting the basketball through the opponent’s basket as many times as possible while preventing them from doing the same. Here are the main ways players can score points in basketball:
A field goal is scored when a player successfully shoots the basketball into the opponent’s basket. The value of a field goal varies depending on where the shot is taken from:
- Two-Point Field Goal: A shot made from inside the three-point line is worth two points.
- Three-Point Field Goal: A shot made from beyond the three-point line is worth three points.
Free throws are awarded to a player who is fouled by an opponent during shooting or when the opposing team commits a certain number of team fouls. The fouled player gets to shoot unopposed from the free-throw line. Each successful free throw is worth one point.
When a player is fouled while making a two-point field goal or a three-point field goal, and the shot still goes in, they are awarded one additional free throw attempt. If they make the free throw, they complete the “and-one” play and earn an extra point.
Technical fouls are assessed for various unsportsmanlike actions. The opposing team is awarded free throws, and each successful free throw is worth one point.
When a team accumulates a certain number of team fouls in a quarter (usually five or more in the NBA), the opposing team is awarded free throws for non-shooting fouls. Each successful free throw is worth one point.
If a player accidentally scores a field goal in their own basket, the points are awarded to the opposing team.
A shot made just before the game clock expires, ending a quarter or the game, is called a buzzer-beater. It is worth the same number of points as any other field goal.
The team with the most points at the end of the game is declared the winner. Basketball is a fast-paced and high-scoring game, making it exciting for both players and fans.